Diabetes is a condition in which the blood glucose level rises above the normal range. A hormone known as insulin helps regulate the level of sugar in the bloodstream. In type 1 diabetes, there is very little or no insulin produced. This type of diabetes usually occurs in children and younger adults. Insulin injections are required on a daily basis to treat type 1 diabetes.

In type 2 diabetes, there may be too much or too little insulin produced. In addition, the insulin does not work effectively which is known as insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes occurs more commonly in inactive overweight adults. With rising rates of obesity, some children and teens are now being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is usually treated with a diet that promotes weight loss, exercise, and oral medications. Insulin may also be required to treat type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), or simply, diabetes, is a group of diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels that result from defects in the body’s ability to produce and/or use insulin.

Not sure what that means?  Please click below to learn more about each condition.

Type 1
Type 2

For more information, please visit the Columbia St. Mary’s Diabetes Treatment Center


Nurse’s Notes: Health Blog